Wednesday, 18 May 2022

Wives Of The Prophet (saw) Ordered To Stay Home




Al-Hakim:


Narrated 'Umrah bint 'Abd al-Rahman: When Imam Alee (a.s) was going to Al-Basra, he went to Umm Salamah (s.a), the wife of the Prophet (saw). And she (Umm Salamah) said: "Journey under the protection of Allah (swt). I swear by Allah, verily YOU ARE UPON TRUTH, AND TRUTH IS WITH YOU. If not that I HATED TO DISOBEY ALLAH AND HIS MESSENGER, because he (the Prophet) ORDERED US (WIVES) to sit in our houses (And abide in your houses and do not display yourselves as [was] the display of the former times of ignorance..(33:33)) . I would have journeyed (to war) with you!. But, by Allah (swt), I will send with you someone who is better and more honorable in my sight than myself - my son, 'Umar.

Al-Hakim says: These Hadith are Saheeh (Authentic) on the conditions of the two Shaykhs (Bukhari and Muslim) although they did not record it.

Al-Dhahabi says: Saheeh (Authentic) on the conditions of Al-Bukhari and Muslim.

Source: Al-Mustadrak alaa al-Sahihain. Vol. 3, Pg. 129. H. # 4611.






Friday, 29 April 2022

Bastardization Of Islam



Al-Bazdawi:

We have seen that bastards (children born from Zina) are smarter and their benefit reaches more to public compare to child born from legitimate marriage. 

Source: Kashf al Asrar An Usoolil Fakhr Al Islam. Vol 1, Pg # 423.


Allama Fannawi:

Child born from Zina is smarter/ better than child born from legitimate marriage.

Source: Fusool Al Badaya'e. Vol. 1, Pg # 45.




Allama Taftazani:

We have witnessed that bastard is better than legitimate child both in matters of Deen (Religion) and Dunya (worldly affairs)

Source: Taudheeh and Talweeh. Pg. # 351-352.










Sunday, 10 April 2022

Umar Knew Better Than The Prophet (saw)




‏فَلَا وَرَبِّكَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ حَتَّىٰ يُحَكِّمُوكَ فِيمَا شَجَرَ بَيْنَهُمْ ثُمَّ لَا يَجِدُوا۟ فِىٓ أَنفُسِهِمْ حَرَجًۭا مِّمَّا قَضَيْتَ وَيُسَلِّمُوا۟ تَسْلِيمًۭا ‎

By your Lord, they do not really believe unless they make you [Prophet] judge their disputes, and then find no resentment to accept your decision, fully submitting.

(4:65)

Holy Qur'aan


وَمَا آتَاكُمُ الرَّ‌سُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَمَا نَهَاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانتَهُوا ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّـهَ ۖ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ

And whatever the Messenger gives you, take it, and whatever he forbids you, abstain. And have Taqwa of Allah. Verily Allah is severe in punishment.” 

(59:7)

Holy Qur'aan


قُلۡ يٰۤـاَهۡلَ الۡـكِتٰبِ لَا تَغۡلُوۡا فِىۡ دِيۡـنِكُمۡ غَيۡرَ الۡحَـقِّ وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوۡۤا اَهۡوَآءَ قَوۡمٍ قَدۡ ضَلُّوۡا مِنۡ قَبۡلُ وَاَضَلُّوۡا كَثِيۡرًا وَّضَلُّوۡا عَنۡ سَوَآءِ السَّبِيۡلِ

Say: 'People of the Book! Do not go beyond bounds in your religion at the cost of truth, and do not follow the caprices of the people who fell into error before, and caused others to go astray, and strayed far away from the right path.

(5:77)

Holy Qur'aan  


يٰۤاَيُّهَا الَّذِيۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا لَا تُقَدِّمُوۡا بَيۡنَ يَدَىِ اللّٰهِ وَرَسُوۡلِهٖ​ وَ اتَّقُوا اللّٰهَ​ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ سَمِيۡعٌ عَلِيۡمٌ‏ 

Believers, do not advance before Allah and His Messenger, and fear Allah. Verily Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing

(49:1) 

Holy Qur'aan
 

Diyya Al-Din Al-Maqdisi


In the introduction of the investigation of the book "Al-Ahadeeth Al-Mukhtara," the investigator said: "Those who speak on the science of narrations, divide the books of narrations into ranks, and they mention the books of Saheeh, i.e. the books of authentic narrations. And all those who spoke on the ranks of the books, who lived after Al-Diyya, mentioned "Al-Mukhtara" from among the books of Saheeh (Authentic ones)."

Al-Sakhawi says: "One of the books of Saheeh is Al-Mukhtara which its hadeeths do not exist in the Sahihayn (i.e. Al-Bukhari and Muslim) or one of them."

Al-Suyuti says: "And one of them, i.e. of those who have written Saheeh books, is Al-Hafiz Dhia'uddin Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahid Al-Maqdisi, he has collected a book by the name of "Ahadeeth Al-Mukhtara" in which he obliged himself to Saheeh (Authentic) narrations."

Al-Dhahabi says about Al-Ahadeeth Al-Mukhtara: "This book contains hadeeth that can be taken as proof beside what has been collected in the Sahihayn (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)."

Source: Al-Ahadeeth Al-Mukhtara. Vol. 1, Pg. # 18.



Diyya Al-Din Al-Maqdisi:

Umar ordered Ubai ibn Ka'b to lead people in praying Taraweeh. Ubai said, "But it is not like that (i.e to be prayed under an Imam)". Umar said, "I'm aware of that but I think it's better." Then, he (Ubai) lead them in 20 Rakat.

Footnote: Abdul-Malik ibn Abd'Allah says; Hasan (Reliable).

Source: Source: Al-Ahadeeth Al-Mukhtara. Vol, 3, Pg. #  367, H. # 1161.






Friday, 8 April 2022

Bidah To Complete The Holy Qur'aan In Congregation


Muhammad Ibn Sa’id Ibn Habib:

Malik said: Completing the Holy Qur'aan in the Qiyaam (prayer) of Ramadhan is not a Sunnah.

Source: Mudawwana Al-Kubra Followed by Muqaddimah ibn Rushd. Vol. 1, Pg. # 288.



Aboo Bakr Al-Turtushi:

And what people say about reciting the Holy Qur'aan (completing it from beginning to end), Malik said: It is not Sunnah in the prayer of Ramadan. And Malik and the Imams denied that the succeeding Imam should recite from where the previous Imam stopped.

Source: Hawadith Wa-Al-Bidah. Pg. # 64.



Al-Qurutbi:

At the door of the tribes, I saw an Imam out of the total of the twenty-eight imams who used to pray Tarawih in Ramadan with the Turks, and in each rak’ah he recited “Al-Hamdulillah [Praise be to God]” and “Qul Huwa Allah Ahad [Say: He is God, the One]” until the Tarawih is completed, to ease it and desire its virtue. And it is not from the Sunnah to complete the Qur’an in Ramadan

I said: This is what Malik said. Malik said: And to complete the Qur’aan in the mosques is not a Sunnah [i.e completion of Qur’an during congregational prayer in the mosque].

Source:Al-Jami'li Ahkam Al-Qur'aan. Vol.20, Pg. # 248.




Wednesday, 6 April 2022

Tied Up Like Cattle & Leaning On Sticks During Ramadan


Ibn Abi Shaybah:

Marwan Ibn Muawiyah told us from Abdul Rahman ibn Arak ibn Malik from his father: "I witnessed the people in Ramadan (praying Tarwaeeh) with ropes that they hold on to due to the length of Qayam (standing)."

Source: Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah. Vol. 2, Pg. # Pg. # 163. H. # 7678.



Al Mawarzi:

Reported from Al Saeb: People used to pray in the month of Ramadan 20 Rakats and read two hundred (verses) from the Qur'aan and they used to lean on sticks (for support due to fatigue)

From Yazeed ibn Rooman: People used to pray in the time of Umar twenty Rakats during the month of Ramadan.

Wahab Ibn Kisan: People prayed thirty six rakat and three rakat as witr prayer to this day in the month of Ramadan.

Source: Mukhtasar Qiyam Al-Layl. Pg. # 220.





Sunday, 3 April 2022

Should Taraweeh Be Prayed In Congregation?



The basic demands of any Muslim, who believes in Allah (swt) and his Messenger (saw), are that their own opinions can never supersede the decree of Allah (swt) and His Messenger (saw). The Muslims are not to should adopt an independent opinion in matters, and put precedence on their own judgments without any care as to whether it defies Allah and His Messenger and is contrary to the given guidance in these matters. The Muslim should submit entirely to the commands of Allah and his Messenger, and if they have given guidance on any said topic, a Muslim should submit and obey it with absolute totality.


‏فَلَا وَرَبِّكَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ حَتَّىٰ يُحَكِّمُوكَ فِيمَا شَجَرَ بَيْنَهُمْ ثُمَّ لَا يَجِدُوا۟ فِىٓ أَنفُسِهِمْ حَرَجًۭا مِّمَّا قَضَيْتَ وَيُسَلِّمُوا۟ تَسْلِيمًۭا ‎

By your Lord, they do not really believe unless they make you [Prophet] judge their disputes, and then find no resentment to accept your decision, fully submitting.

(4:65)

Holy Qur'aan


وَمَا آتَاكُمُ الرَّ‌سُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَمَا نَهَاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانتَهُوا ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّـهَ ۖ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ

And whatever the Messenger gives you, take it, and whatever he forbids you, abstain. And have Taqwa of Allah. Verily Allah is severe in punishment.” 

(59:7)

Holy Qur'aan


قُلۡ يٰۤـاَهۡلَ الۡـكِتٰبِ لَا تَغۡلُوۡا فِىۡ دِيۡـنِكُمۡ غَيۡرَ الۡحَـقِّ وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوۡۤا اَهۡوَآءَ قَوۡمٍ قَدۡ ضَلُّوۡا مِنۡ قَبۡلُ وَاَضَلُّوۡا كَثِيۡرًا وَّضَلُّوۡا عَنۡ سَوَآءِ السَّبِيۡلِ

Say: 'People of the Book! Do not go beyond bounds in your religion at the cost of truth, and do not follow the caprices of the people who fell into error before, and caused others to go astray, and strayed far away from the right path.

(5:77)

Holy Qur'aan  


يٰۤاَيُّهَا الَّذِيۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا لَا تُقَدِّمُوۡا بَيۡنَ يَدَىِ اللّٰهِ وَرَسُوۡلِهٖ​ وَ اتَّقُوا اللّٰهَ​ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ سَمِيۡعٌ عَلِيۡمٌ‏ 

Believers, do not advance before Allah and His Messenger, and fear Allah. Verily Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing

(49:1) 

Holy Qur'aan
 

The defenders of Taraweeh in congregation are selective in their reading of the Hadeeth, and conveniently skip the important part of his words. Let's present the narration under discussion;

Al-Bukhari:

Narrated Zaid bin Thabit: Allah's Messenger (saw) made a small room (with a palm leaf mat). Allah's Messenger (saw) came out (of his house) and prayed in it. Some men came and joined him in his prayer. Then again the next night they came for the prayer, but Allah's Messenger (saw) delayed and did not come out to them. So they raised their voices and knocked the door with small stones (to draw his attention). He came out to them in a state of anger, saying, "You are still insisting (on your deed, i.e. Tarawih prayer in the mosque) that I thought that this prayer (Tarawih) might become obligatory on you. So you people, offer this prayer at your homes, for the best prayer of a person is the one which he offers at home, except the compulsory (congregational) prayer.

Source: Saheeh Al-Bukhari. Pg. # 1528. H. # 6113.




Ibn Hajar Asqalani:

What is related to this interpretation of this hadeeth is what is understood from his (peace and blessings of God be upon him) rejection of what they did in the matter of what they are not permitted to gather in the mosque for the night prayer.

Source: Fath Al-Bari fi Sharh Saheeh Al-Bukhari. Vol. 13, Pg. # 269.



Badr Al-Din Al-Ayni:

It is his (may God’s prayers and peace be upon him) rejection for what they have done of imposing what they did not have permission for it from gathering in the mosque over the night prayer.

Source: Umdat Al-Qari Sharh Saheeh Al-Bukhari. vol. 25, Pg. # 33.




Al-Bukhari:

Narrated Zaid bin Thabit: Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) made a small room in the month of Ramadan (Sa`id said, "I think that Zaid bin Thabit said that it was made of a mat") and he prayed there for a few nights, and so some of his companions prayed behind him. When he came to know about it, he kept on sitting. In the morning, he went out to them and said, "I have seen and understood what you did. You should pray in your houses, for the best prayer of a person is that which he prays in his house except the compulsory prayers."

Source: Saheeh Al-Bukhari. Pg. # 181. H. # 731.



Al-Shawkani:

(He the Prophet sat down) that is, he prays while sitting so that people do not see him and then follow him.

Source: Nayl Al-Awtar. Vol. 5, Pg. # 470.




Therefore, from the Hadeeth - we can conclude that; 

- Prophet (saw) went to the Masjid to pray during Ramadan

- Certain Individuals From The Companions Imitated Him In The Masjid 

- He showed his obvious disproval and remained seated during the prayers 

- Next night the Prophet (saw) didn't attend the Masjid

- Companions then created a fuss and gathered outside his home and threw stones

- The Prophet (saw) came out of his house in the state of anger

- The Prophet (saw) instructs the Muslims to offer optional prayers at home

- Optional prayers are to be done individually at home, and not in congregation

Now as we have seen from the above Hadeeth, it strongly recommends to pray Nawafil (optional prayers) at hom, whereas congregational Taraweeh directly contradict with the Sunnah of the Prophet (saw); when the prophet obviously instructed the Muslims to pray nawafil at home. This is an undeniable fact but the advocates of Taraweeh will argue; why did the Prophet (saw) offer the Nawafil in congregation over three nights?

However, the Prophet (saw) didn’t offer any optional prayers during those three nights - he offered the compulsory prayers. This is why others were permitted to pray behind him (saw) in congregation. Nawafil (optional) prayers cannot be offered in Congregation (Jammah), and this is why the Prophet (saw) instructed the Muslims to perform it alone.

Saturday, 2 April 2022

Praying Taraweeh In Congregation A Sunnah Or Bidah?


Ahmad ibn Hanbal:

Ismael ibn Umar told me, from Ibn Abi The'b from ibn Shehab, from Salama ibn Abdul Rahman, narrated Aboo Huraira: I heard the Prophet (saw) encouraging people to get up during (the night of) Ramadan, and used to say: Whosoever rises up in it (i.e during the night of Ramadan and perform prayer), with belief and knowing ,Allah (swt) will reward him for that, and his past sins will be forgiven. But HE (SAW) HAS NEVER PRAYED IT IN CONGREGATION WITH THE PEOPLE

Footnote: Shoaib Al-Arnaut says; Authentic (Saheeh) upon the conditions of Muslim. 

Source: Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal. Vol. 13, Pg. # 264, H. # 7881.