Monday, 27 February 2012

Assassination Attempt On The Prophet (saw)

The Secret Of The Twelve Hypocrites

The expedition of Tabuk is indeed a remarkable moment in Islamic history for numerous reasons. It was on this memorable occasion the Prophet (saw) announced the famous Hadeeth Al-Manzila in which He said, "O Alee! Your position unto me is like how Haroon was to Musa, except there is no Prophet after me." This was the only campaign in which Imam Alee (a.s) did not participate. This was not because he did not want to participate, rather it was the decision of the Prophet (saw) to leave him behind in Madinah so he could maintain the law and prevent the opportunist 'hypocrites' seizing power while the army was away. Roman leader Heraclius, planned to attack the holy city of Madinah. On the basis of these reports, preparations had been made in order to stop the advancing army from entering into the Islamic state. Unlike previous wars that the Muslims fought which were inside the country, this one they faced was from an external opponent. When the army had departed Madinah and reached Tabuk, they settled there for numerous nights. After a long wait, there was no trace of an advancing Roman army. When the Prophet (saw) was satisfied that there was no sign of the enemy, he (saw) ordered the men to return to Madinah. When they reached Uqbah they thought that the passage through the hills was tortuous and difficult. If the animals became restless, there was a likelihood of them falling into the ravines. The Prophet (saw) announced that no one should take that route until his camel goes. But a group of twelve hypocrites conspired that they will disturb the Prophet’s (saw) camel to cause an accident. Hudhayfah ibn Al-Yaman was holding the front ropes of the Prophet (saw) camel while Ammar ibn Yasir was at the back. All of a sudden they had been confronted with twelve riders, with faces covered, proceeding towards the ravine. Hudhayfah pointed this out to the Prophet (saw), and he reprimanded the group. Hudhayfah and Ammar pushed back the masked men. The Prophet (saw) asked Hudhayfah who these persons were. He expressed his ignorance. The Prophet (saw) said that they were the hypocrites and will ever remain so. Then the Prophet (saw) told the names of all the twelve culprits to Hudhayfah and asked him to keep the information a secret. But despite this being a secret, the information was revealed to some people.

 يَحْلِفُونَ بِاللَّهِ مَا قَالُواْ وَلَقَدْ قَالُواْ كَلِمَةَ الْكُفْرِ وَكَفَرُواْ بَعْدَ إِسْلَـمِهِمْ وَهَمُّواْ بِمَا لَمْ يَنَالُواْ وَمَا نَقَمُواْ إِلاَ أَنْ أَغْنَاهُمُ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ مِن فَضْلِهِ فَإِن يَتُوبُواْ يَكُ خَيْراً لَّهُمْ وَإِن يَتَوَلَّوْا يُعَذِّبْهُمُ اللَّهُ عَذَابًا أَلِيمًا فِى الدُّنْيَا وَالاٌّخِرَةِ وَمَا لَهُمْ فِى الاٌّرْضِ مِن وَلِيٍّ وَلاَ نَصِيرٍ

They swear by Allah that they said nothing (bad), but really they said the word of disbelief, and they disbelieved after accepting Islam, and they resolved that (plot) which they were unable to carry out, and they could not find any cause to do so except that Allah and His Messenger had enriched them of His bounty. If then they repent, it will be better for them, but if they turn away; Allah will punish them with a painful torment in this worldly life and in the Hereafter. And there is none for them on earth as a protector or a helper.

Holy Qur'aan {9.74}

Who are these people who disbelieved after accepting Islam? This verse was revealed concerning the hypocrites who conspired to push the Holy Prophet (saw) down into the ravine.

Ibn Kathir: 

:وقال الإمام أحمد رحمه الله 
حدثنا يزيد، أخبرنا الوليد بن عبد الله بن جميع عن أبي الطفيل قال: لما أقبل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم من غزوة تبوك، أمر منادياً فنادى: إن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أخذ العقبة، فلا يأخذها أحد، فبينما رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقوده حذيفة، ويسوقه عمار، إذ أقبل رهط متلثمون على الرواحل، فغشوا عماراً وهو يسوق برسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فأقبل عمار رضي الله عنه يضرب وجوه الرواحل، فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لحذيفة: " قد قد " حتى هبط رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فلما هبط نزل، ورجع عمار، فقال: " يا عمار هل عرفت القوم؟ " قال: لقد عرفت عامة الرواحل، والقوم متلثمون، قال: " هل تدري ما أرادوا؟ " قال: الله ورسوله أعلم، قال: " أرادوا أن ينفروا برسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم راحلته فيطرحوه " قال: فسأل عمار رجلاً من أصحاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال: نشدتك بالله كم تعلم كان أصحاب العقبة؟ قال: أربعة عشر رجلاً، فقال: إن كنت منهم، فقد كانوا خمسة عشر قال: فعذر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم منهم ثلاثة، قالوا: والله ما سمعنا منادي رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وما علمنا ما أراد القوم، فقال عمار: أشهد أن الاثني عشر الباقين حرب لله ولرسوله في الحياة الدنيا ويوم يقوم الأشهاد

Narrated Yazid, narrated Al-Walid ibn Abdullah ibn Jumai from Aboo Tufail (r.a) who said: "When the Prophet (saw) set out to go to the battle of Tabuk, he stopped at Uqbah and then commanded his caller to call that no one should take the path leading to Uqbah since the Prophet (saw) was travelling in that path, and then whilst the Prophet (saw) had Ammar bin Yasir (r.a) pulling his camel from the front and Hudhaifah pushing from the back, a group having their faces covered came on a caravan and attacked the Holy Prophet (saw). Ammar (r.a) then came and attacked the masked men (May Allah (swt) Curse be upon them!) The Holy Prophet (saw) then said to Hudhaifah: ‘Quickly pull forward, pull forward.’ Then the Prophet (saw) came off the camel and asked Ammar (r.a) whether he had identified those people, Ammar (r.a) said: ‘No, they were masked.’ The Prophet (saw) asked: ‘Do you know what they wanted?’ Ammar (r.a) said: ‘Allah (swt) and his messenger (saw) know better.’ The Prophet (saw) said: ‘They wanted to throw the Prophet (saw) off from the Uqbah.’ 

After that when Ammar (r.a) had a dispute with one of them (people who tried to kill the Prophet), Ammar (r.a) said to him: ‘I swear to you by Allah (swt), how many people of the Uqbah tried to attack the Prophet (saw)?’ The man said: ‘We think they were about fourteen.’ Ammar (r.a) said: ‘And if you were amongst them it would be fifteen.’ Three of them put forward this excuse to the Prophet(saw): 'We did not hear the caller of the messenger of Allah (saw).' Ammar ibn Yassir (r.a) said: 'I bear testimony that the remaining twelve will fight Allah (swt) and His messenger (saw) in this world and on the day when the witnesses will be resurrected.'

، وهكذا روى ابن لهيعة عن أبي الأسود عن عروة بن الزبير نحو هذا، وأن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أمر أن يمشي الناس في بطن الوادي، وصعد هو وحذيفة وعمار العقبة، فتبعهم هؤلاء النفر الأرذلون وهم متلثمون، فأرادوا سلوك العقبة، فأطلع الله على مرادهم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فأمر حذيفة، فرجع إليهم فضرب وجوه رواحلهم، ففزعوا ورجعوا مقبوحين، وأعلم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم حذيفة وعماراً بأسمائهم وما كانوا هموا به من الفتك به صلوات الله وسلامه عليه، وأمرهما أن يكتما عليهم،

Narrated ibn Lahima from Abi Aswad from Urwa ibn Zubair: "The messenger of Allah (saw) ordered the people to go by the valley and he went up with Hudhaifah and Ammar (r.a) by the Uqbah, then those wicked with faces covered followed them, and wanted to kill the Prophet (saw), so Allah (swt) revealed their intention to his messenger (saw) and he commanded Hudhaifah. Thus he turned towards them and hit them in their faces, they got scared and went back without any success. The messenger of Allah (saw) revealed their names to Hudhaifah and Ammar (r.a) and told them that they wanted to kill him (saw) and told them to pretend so as if you don't know them.  

And Muslim also narrated from Qotada from Abi Nazra from Qais ibn Ebad from Ammar ibn Yasir from Hudhaifah who said: The messenger of Allah (saw) said:

 وما رواه مسلم أيضاً من حديث قتادة عن أبي نضرة عن قيس بن عباد عن عمار بن ياسر قال: أخبرني حذيفة عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أنه قال: " في أصحابي اثنا عشر منافقاً لا يدخلون الجنة، ولا يجدون ريحها حتى يلج الجمل في سم الخياط: ثمانية منهم تكفيكهم الدبيلة؛ سراج من نار تظهر بين أكتافهم حتى ينجم في صدورهم " 

"AMONG MY COMPANIONS ARE TWELVE HYPOCRITES (Munafiqeen) WHO WILL NEVER ENTER PARADISE or find its scent, until the camel enters the thread of the needle. Eight of them will be struck by the Dubaylah, which is a missile made of fire that appears between their shoulders and pierces their chests."

ولهذا كان حذيفة يقال له: صاحب السر الذي لا يعلمه غيره، أي: من تعيين جماعة من المنافقين، وهم هؤلاء، قد أطلعه عليهم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم دون غيره، والله أعلم،

Because of this, Hudhaifah was called the owner of the secret, which nobody knows because he could specify a group of Munafiqeen and they were those people about whom the the messenger of Allah (صلی الله و علیه و آله وسلم) informed him. Allah (swt) knows best.

Source: Tafsir Ibn Kathir. Vol 4, Pg. # 181 - 182.

Who Were The Munafiqeen?

Ibn Hazim:

وأما حديث حذيفة فساقط لأنه من طريق الوليد بن جميع وهو هالك ولا نراه يعلم من وضع الحديث فإنه قد روى أخبارا فيها أن أبا بكر وعمر وعثمان وطلحة وسعد بن أبي وقاص رضي الله عنهم أرادوا قتل النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم وإلقاءه من العقبة في تبوك وهذا هو الكذب الموضوع

"Hudhaifah's hadeeth is false, because it is narrated through Walid ibn Jumai – he is unreliable – it seems he does not know who fabricated the hadeeth, because he narrated many reports in which state that Aboo Bakr, Umar, Uthmaan, Talha and Sa’d ibn Abi Waqas, attempted to murder the Holy Prophet (saw) by pushing him over from Al-Uqbah during Tabuk. This is a fabricated lie!"

Source: Al-Muhalla. Vol. 11, Pg. # 224.

Ibn Hazim explicitly reveals that there are numerous reports through Walid ibn Jumai in which the identities of the Munafiqeen were revealed. The names of those who attempted to kill the Prophet (saw) were Aboo Bakr, Umar, Uthmaan, Talha and Sa'ad ibn Abi Waqas. But these narrations are nowhere to be found in any books of the present day so-called 'Ahl us Sunnah.' Where have these narrations gone? Is there an attempt to cover this plot?

Who Is Walid ibn Jumai?

Saheeh Muslim is a collection of hadeeth compiled by Muslim ibn Al-Hajjaj. His collection is considered to be one of the most authentic collections of the Sunnah of the Prophet (saw) according to the so-called 'Ahl us Sunnah,' along with Saheeh Al-Bukhari where both form the "Sahihain," or the "Two Sahihs." This can also be confirmed in the following clip. At 5 mins 25 seconds, Tahir ul Qadri states, "There is a consensus of the people of 'Ahl ul Ilm' (people of knowledge) that everything that is reported in Saheeh Bukhari and Saheeh Muslim is that it is definitely Saheeh (Authentic)!"

Now after establishing the authenticity of Saheeh Muslim, there can be no doubt that all the narrators are reliable according to the standards of both Bukhari and Muslim. Let us analyze a narration taken from Walid ibn Jumai in which he narrates another story of Al-Uqbah in Tabuk from 
Hudhaifah without mentioning the names of those Munafiqeen.

Muslim ibn Hajjaj:

حدثنا زهير بن حرب حدثنا أبو أحمد الكوفي حدثنا الوليد بن جميع حدثنا أبو الطفيل قال كان بين رجل من أهل العقبة وبين حذيفة بعض ما يكون بين الناس فقال أنشدك بالله كم كان أصحاب العقبة قال فقال له القوم أخبره إذ سألك قال كنا نخبر أنهم أربعة عشر فإن كنت منهم فقد كان القوم خمسة عشر وأشهد بالله أن اثني عشر منهم حرب لله ولرسوله في الحياة الدنيا ويوم يقوم الأشهاد وعذر ثلاثة قالوا ما سمعنا منادي رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ولا علمنا بما أراد القوم وقد كان في حرة فمشى فقال إن الماء قليل فلا يسبقني إليه أحد فوجد قوما قد سبقوه فلعنهم يومئذ

Narrated Zuhair ibn Harb narrated Aboo Ahmad Al-Kufi narrated Al-Walid ibn Jumai from Aboo Tufail (r.a) reported that there was a dispute between Hudhaifah and one from the people of Uqbah as it happens amongst people. He said: I adjure you by Allah (swt) to tell me as to how many people from Uqbah there were. The people said to him (Hudhaifah) to inform him as he had asked. We have been informed that there were fourteen and If you are to be counted amongst them, then there would be fifteen and I state by Allah (swt), that twelve among them were the enemies of Allah (swt) and of His Messenger (saw) in this world and on the day in which witnesses are called out. The rest of the three put forward this excuse: 'We did not hear the announcement of Allah's Messenger (saw) and we were not aware of the intention of the people as he (the Holy Prophet) had been in the hot atmosphere. He (the Holy Prophet) then said: The water is small in quantity (at the next station). So nobody should go ahead of me, but he found people who had gone ahead of him and he cursed them on that day.

Source: Saheeh Muslim. Pg. # 1282, H # 2879.

 Status Of Walid Ibn Jumai


الوليد بن عبدالله بن جميع الزهري الكوفي ، والد ثابت بن الوليد بن عبدالله بن جميع ، وقد ينسب إلى جده أيضا .

Al-Walid ibn Abdullah ibn Jumai Al-Zuhri Al-Kufi, father of Thabit ibn Walid ibn Abdullah ibn Jumai, he is also called after his grandfather (as Walid ibn Jumai).

قال عبدالله بن أحمد بن حنبل عن أبيه ، وأبو داود : ليس به بأس .

Abdullah ibn Ahmad ibn Hanbal narrates from his father and Aboo Dawood: 'There is no discussion about him.'

وقال إسحاق بن منصور ، عن يحيى بن معين : ثقة

And Ishaq ibn Mansoor from Yahya ibn Mo'een who said: 'He is Thiqah.'

وكذلك قال العجلي

Al-Ijlli said the same.

وقال أبو زرعة : لا بأس به

Aboo Zar’a: 'No discussion about him.'

وقال أبو حاتم : صالح الحديث .

Aboo Hayt'aam: 'His narrations are reliable.'

وقال عمرو بن علي : كان يحيى بن سعيد لا يحدثنا عن الوليد بن جميع ، فلما كان قبل موته بقليل حدثنا عنه

And Amr ibn Alee: Yahya ibn Sa’eed did not narrate from Walid ibn Jumai, but near his death he started to narrate to us from him.

وذكره ابن حبان في كتاب " الثقات

Ibn Hibban mentioned him in his book 'Al-Thuqat.'

روى له البخاري في " الادب " والباقون سوى ابن ماجة . 

Al-Bukhari has narrated from him in his 'Al-Adab' and the others, except Ibn Majah.

Source: Tahdheeb Al-Kamal. Vol. 31, Pg. # 35 - 37.

Ibn Sa'd Attestation Of Walid Ibn Jumai

Ibn Sa'd: 

Al-Walid ibn Abdullah ibn Jumai Al-Khuzahi is one of them (the fourth generation), he is Thiqah (Trustworthy) and he has (many) Hadeeth. 

Source: Al-Tabaqat Ibn Sa'd. Vol. 8, Pg. # 473.

Yahya Ibn Mo'een Attestation Of Walid Ibn Jumai

Yahya ibn Mo'een:

I heard Yahya saying: Walid ibn Jumai is Thiqah and he is Zuhri Trustworthy and Acceptable. 

Source: Marafatul Rijal. Vol. 1, Pg # 97.


هو الإمام الحافظ الجهبذ ، شيخ المحدثين ، أبو زكريا ، يحيى بن معين

Yahya ibn Mo'een He is Imam, Hafiz, knowledgeable critic, Sheikh of Muhadditheen (Teacher of Hadeeth Narrators and the one who narrates many Hadeeth), Aboo Zakaria, Yahya ibn Mo’een.

ابن عبد الرحمن المري : قال أحمد بن يحيى الجارود : قال ابن المديني : انتهى العلم بالبصرة إلى يحيى بن أبي كثير وقتادة ، وعلم الكوفة إلى أبي إسحاق والأعمش ، وعلم الحجاز إلى ابن شهاب وعمرو بن دينار ، وصار علم هؤلاء الستة إلى اثني عشر رجلا : ابن أبي عروبة ، ومعمر ، وشعبة ، وحماد بن سلمة ، والسفيانين ، ومالك ، والأوزاعي ، وابن إسحاق ، وهشيم ، وأبي عوانة ، ويحيى بن سعيد ، ويحيى بن أبي زائدة إلى أن ذكر ابن المبارك ، وابن مهدي ، ويحيي بن آدم . فصار علم هؤلاء جميعهم إلى يحيى بن معين .

Ibn Abdulrahman Al-Mari: Ahmad ibn Yahya said: ibn Al-Madini said: The knowledge is ended in Basra to Yahya ibn Kathir and Qutada, and in Kufa to Abi Es’haq and Ahmash, and in Hijaz to ibn Shehab, Amr ibn Dinar, and the knowledge of these six went to twelve men: Ibn Abi Urwa, and Moammar, and Shohbaa, and Hamad ibn Salama, and two Sufyans and Malik (ibn Anas) and Audhahi, and Ibn Ishaq, and Hasheem, and Abi Awana, and Yahya Ibn Saeed, and Ibn Mubarak, and Ibn Mahdi, and Yahya ibn Adam. Then the knowledge of all these went to Yahya ibn Mo'een.

قلت : نعم ، وإلى أحمد بن حنبل ، وأبي بكر بن أبي شيبة ، وعلي ، وعدة . 

(Dhahabi) I say: Yes, and then to Ahmad ibn Hanbal, and Abi Bakr ibn Shayba, and Alee and some others.

ثم من بعد هؤلاء إلى أبي عبد الله البخاري ، وأبي زرعة ، وأبي حاتم ، وأبي داود ، وطائفة . 

After them to Abi Abdullah Al-Bukhari and Abi Dhar’a, and Abi Hatam, and Aboo Dawood and the rest.

ثم إلى أبي عبد الرحمن النسائي ، ومحمد بن نصر المروزي ، وابن خزيمة ، وابن جرير . 

And then to Abi Abdul rahman Al-Nasa'i, and Muhammad ibn Nasr al-Maruzi, and ibn Khozaima and ibn Jarir.

ثم شرع العلم ينقص قليلا قليلا فلا قوة إلا بالله . 

Then the knowledge started to divide slightly slightly into branches, there is no strength except in God.

وبإسنادي إلى الخطيب : أخبرنا محمد بن علي المقرئ ، أخبرنا أبو مسلم بن مهران ، أخبرنا عبد المؤمن بن خلف ، سمعت صالح بن محمد ، أخبرنا علي يقول : سمعت علي ابن المديني يقول : انتهى علم الحجاز إلى الزهري ، وعمرو ، إلى أن قال : فانتهى علم هؤلاء إلى ابن معين 

And by my chain to Al-Khaatib: informed us Muhammad ibn Alee al-Moqri, informed us Aboo Muslim ibn Mehran, informed us Abdul Mo’min ibn Khalaf who said: I heard Sahleh ibn Muhammad, informed us Alee who said: I heard ibn Al-Madini saying: 'The knowledge of Hijaz went to Al-Zuhri, and Amr' until he said: 'Then the knowledge of all of them ended to ibn Mo'een.'

علي بن أحمد بن النضر ، قال ابن المديني : انتهى العلم إلى يحيى بن آدم ، وبعده إلى يحيى بن معين ، رحمه الله .

Alee ibn Ahmad ibn al-Nadhr, ibn al-Madini said: 'The knowledge ended to Yahya ibn Adam and then to Yahya ibn Mo’een, Allah bless him.'

Source: Siyar A'lam Al-Nubala. Vol.11. Person. # 28. Pg. #  71, 78 - 79.

With such a prominent scholars praising Walid ibn Jumai they can remain not a shadow of doubt about the authenticity of these narrations. Some might claim these are mere speculations made by the followers of the Ahlulbayt (a.s) and it can not be ascertained for certain who these hypocrites are. It is rather interesting that Umar himself used to ask Hudhaifah: "Am I among the Munafiqeen?"

Ibn Hajar:

وحذيفة أحد أصحاب النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم الأربعة عشر النجباء، كان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أسر إليه أسماء المنافقين، وحفظ 
عنه الفتن التي تكون بين يدي الساعة، وناشده عمر بالله: أنا من المنافقين اللهم لا، ولا أزكى أحداً بعدك

Hudhaifah is one of the 14 noble companions of the Messenger of Allah (صلی الله و علیه و آله وسلم). The Messenger of Allah (صلی الله و علیه و آله وسلم) revealed to him the names of Munafiqeen, and protected him from the difficulties of the Hour, and Umar was swearing him by Allah: "Am I among these Munafiqeen?" in which he Hudhaifah replied, "By Allah (swt), no! I will never tell anyone after you."

وقال مسدد : ثنا يحيى ، عن الأعمش ، عن زيد بن وهب ، قال : سمعت حذيفة رضي الله عنه ، يقول : " مات رجل من المنافقين فلم أصل عليه ، فقال عمر رضي الله عنه : ما منعك أن تصلي عليه ؟ قلت : إنه منهم ، فقال : أبالله منهم أنا ؟ قلت : لا . قال : فبكى عمر رضي الله عنه " إسناده صحيح ، وقد استنكره يعقوب بن سفيان من حديث زيد بن وهب

Musaddad said: Narrated Yahya from Al-A’mash from Zaid ibn Wahab who said: I heard Hudhaifah (may Allah be pleased with him), saying: "Another man of Munafiqeen died, and I will not pray on his funeral, Umar then said: what prevents you to pray on him? I said: Because he was one of them, (Umar) said: By Allah am I also one of them?! I said: 'No.' Then Umar cried. The chain of this hadeeth is Saheeh, and (the other narration via) Ya’qoob ibn Sulaiman from the narration of Zaid ibn Wahab is denounced.

Source: Matalib Al-A'lia. Vol. 14, Pg # 702.

Source: Tarikh Al-Islam. Vol. 3, Pg # 494.

Umar was asking a rather foolish question, and unintentionally revealed his true color's by doing so. In response, Hudhaifah said: "No you are not!"Did Umar not know if he was at Uqbah that night? Didn't Umar know If He was a Munafiq or not ? Hudhaifah concealed this fact from him but more importantly why?. The answer is very clear, he was concealing the truth to spare his life. 

Suppose Hudhayfah would have said to Umar "That you are one of the Munafiqs" would Umar had speared his life? The actions of Hudhayfah should not come as a surprise. On another occasion Hudhayfah deny's what he had said before regarding Uthman and swears by Allah (swt). He conceals the truth and says that it is part of the religion to spare other part of it.

Ibn Abi Shaybah:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Nomair from Al-A’mash from Abdul Malik ibn Maysara from Al-Nazzal ibn Sabra who said: Ibn Masoud and Hudhaifa entered upon Uthman, Uthman said to Hudhayfah  I have been informed that you have said such and such? Hudhayfah said: ‘No, by Allah (swt) I haven’t said that’, when they went out Ibn Masoud he said to Hudhaifa: 'What is wrong with you?! Why did you deny what I heard you say (about Uthman) before?' He said: 'I spare parts of my religion with other parts of it, because of the fear to loose it completely'.

Source: Al-Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah. Vol. 11, Pg. # 359 - 360. H. # 33595.

Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyya:

Narrated Abdullah Abdul Malik ibn Maysara from Al-Nazzal ibn Sabra who said: 'Hudhaifa swore by Allah (swt) to Uthman that he hasn’t said things that we heard him say. So we said to him: O Aba Abdullah, We heard you swearing by Allah (swt) to Uthman that you haven’t said some things even though we heard you saying those things?!' Whereupon he replied: 'I spare parts of my religion with other parts of it, because of the fear to loose it completely'.

Footnote: Narrated Al-Kashaf in his book ‘Al-Hiyal’ through Mas’har ibn Kodam from Abdul malik ibn Maysara from him. Narrated also Aboo Na’eem in ‘Al-Hilya’ in the biography of Hudhaifa ibn Al-Yaman through Ibraheem ibn Man’waih from Ubaid ibn Asbat from Al-A’mash from Abdul Malik ibn Maysara from Al-Nazzal ibn Sabra from him. And it’s narrators are trustworthy, but I could not find the biography of Ibraheem in my books.

Source: A’laam Al-Mo’waqihin. Vol. 5, Pg. # 119.

Analysis Of The Chain Of Narrators

The status of these three narrators in the books of Rijal 

1- Abdullah ibn Nomair
2- Abdul malik ibn Maysara
3- Al-Nazzal ibn Sabra Al-Hilali

1- Abdullah ibn Nomair 


The Hafiz, the Trustworthy Imam, Aboo Hisham Al-Hamdani Al-Khariqi Al-Kufi.

Source: Tahdheeb Siyar Ahlaam Al-Nobala. Person. # 1403. Vol. 1, Pg. 321.

2- Abdul malik ibn Maysara

Ibn Hajar:

Abdul Malik ibn Maysara Al-Hilali, Aboo Zaid Al-A’miri, Al-Kufi, Al-Zarrad, he is Trustworthy, from the fourth generation of narrators.  Narrated from him Bukhari, Muslim, Al-Tirmidhi, Aboo Dawood, Al-Nasa'i and ibn Majah. Al-Dhahabi says about him in Al-Kashaf: He has narrated from Zaid ibn Wahab, and Tawoos, and narrated from him: Sho’ba and Mes’ar, he is Trustworthy.

Source: Taqreeb Al-Tahdheeb. Person. # 4221, Pg. # 398.

3- Al-Nazzal ibn Sabra Al-Hilali

Ibn Hajar:

Al-Nazzal ibn Sabra Al-Hilali, Al-Kufi, he is Trustworthy, from the second generation of narrators, it is also said that he was a companion. Narrated from him: Bukhari, Muslim, Aboo Dawood, Al-Nasahi and ibn Majah. Al-Dhahabi says about him in Al-Kashaf: He has narrated from Abi Bakr and Ibn Masoud, and narrated from him: Al-Sha’bi and Abdul Malik ibn Maysara, he is Trustworthy.

Source: Taqreeb Al-Tahdheeb. Person. # 1705. Pg. #  627.

Ibn Qutaybah:

Al-Nazam mentioned Hudhayfah ibn Al-Yaman and said: 'He swore to Uthman by Allah (swt) that he hasn’t said things that he had said and others had heard him saying it'. Then they asked him that why he denied what he had said: 'He said:' I spare some parts of my religion with some other parts of it, because of the fear to loose it completely'. This is narrated through Mis’ar ibn Kodam from Abdulmalik ibn Maysara from Al-Nazzal ibn Sabra.

Footnote: Mis’ar ibn Kodam ibn Dhahir Al-Hilali Al-A’miri Al-Rawasi Aboo Salama is of the Trustworthy narrators from Kufa, he was called Al-Musaraf because of his reliablity in what he used to narrate. He was a Murjihi, he has narrated around one thousand narrations and his narrations are narrated in the six major books of Hadeeth, he died in the year 152 of Hijri in Mecca.

Source: Taweel Mukhtaliful Hadeeth. Pg. #  72.

Hudhaifa Revealed Aboo Moosa Al-Ash’ari Was One Of The Hypocrites!


Narrated Al-A’mash from Shaqiq who said: We were sitting beside Hudhayfah and Abdullah (ibn Mas'ud) and Aboo Moosa (Al-Ash’ari) entered the mosque, Hudhaifa said: 'One of these two is a Munafiq', then he continue to say: 'The most similar people to the Prophet (saw) in his character, his actions and manner is Abdullah. (i.e. Aboo Musa is the Munafiq).

Footnote: the narrators of this narration are trustworthy, and this narration is narrated in 
Al-Ma’rifa wa Al-Tarikh of Al-Fasawi.

Source: Siyar A'lam Al-Nubala.Vol. 2, Pg. # 393 - 394.

In order to justify this narration, Al-Dhahabi has offered the excuse that Al-A’mash is regarded as a weak narrator and that he was accused of being a Shi'ee. Then he later adds extreme Shi'ites do not like Aboo Moosa Al-Ashari because he did not participate in any battles that Imam Alee (a.s) fought in and as a result, disposed Imam Alee (a.s) in the occasion of governorship. Shu'aib al-Arnaut also contributes to the footnote by trying to justify that Hudhayfah was in an angry state hence why he accused Aboo Moosa as being a hypocrite. It is clear from the ample evidence that the defenses offered by the opponents is based on nothing but speculation in order to cover the crimes of the companions!


  1. When the Sahabas failed to kill the Prophet at the mountain, they asked his wife Aisha to murder him. She did this by poison. Prophet was Martyred by his wife on the orders of hypocrites. They left his dead body and grabbed power in a secret coup.

  2. Jazaka Allah very hard working thesis. May Allah reward you and Bless You more knowledge and courage

  3. When I read the first part of the article, you really had me confused. But then you went on to refute yourself. I really thank you.

    You provided to us narrations showing where Hudhaifah explicitly told 'Umar that he wasn't a hypocrite. You said:

    "Hudhaifah of course said: "No you are not!" Because the Messenger of Allah (صلی الله و علیه و آله وسلم) had ordered him not to reveal this secret."

    Sorry, but that is a silly response. Hudhaifah could have easily said "It's not for me to reveal. Mind your own business." Instead, Hudhaifah would have committed a sin by lying and "fooling" everyone into thinking that 'Umar wasn't a hypocrite (according to your perspective).

    As for 'Umar asking...... it's because he was humble and feared Allah. So you've got no case there.

    As for Ibn Hazm's comment... his comment alone is not enough. To suggest a conspiracy to suppress information is laughable. How many narrations weren't "suppressed" by Sunnis, which according to you appear to hurt their case?

    Sorry.... but your article is weak. Extremely weak. You actually refuted yourself. Thanks for that!

    Further reading...

  4. Don't delete this time. Address it. Next time you will be publicly exposed with a print screen shot, hence exposing your insincerity.

    Now answer it or ignore it, but don't delete it.


  5. Do you even read the articles?


    Umar was asking a rather foolish question, he happened to unintentionally reveal his true color's by doing so. In response, Hudhaifah said: "No you are not!". Did Umar not know if he was at Aqaba that night? Did Umar not know he was a Munafiq ? either way Hudhaifah concealed this fact from him but more importantly why?. The answer is very clear, he was concealing the truth to spare his life. Suppose Hudhaifa would have said to Umar "That you are one of the Munafiqs" would Umar had speared his life?. Consider If someone has committed a bank robbery and there is a witness to this incident, would perpetrator ask the witness, whether he carried out the crime specially If they was not even present during the incident? unless off course they have a guilty conscious. The actions of Hudhaifa should not come as a surprise in the following narration Hudhaifa clearly deny's what he had said before about Uthman and swears by Allah (swt). He conceals the truth and says that it is part of the religion to spare other part of it (continues above till the end of the article)

  6. it can be simply proved that they hypocrites were not umer usman or abubkr as mentionedd by shias,,, because in hadees it is mentioned that hypocrites will die through ulcer between shoulders sahih muslim international summary hadees no 7035 .
    Hazrat umer r.a gained shahadat
    hazrat usman r.a gained shahdat same is case of saad bin abi waqas r.a and for talha r.a and zubyr.

    1. you call talha a shaheed? he died fighting the caliph of his time : Imam Ali as in the battle of jamal.

  7. Beautiful article. If Hudaifa was keeping their identity a secret it means they were people of power.