Tuesday, 9 July 2013

Mumtaz ul Haq Debate On The Adaalah (Justice) Of The Companions

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

يأَيُّهَا النَّبِىُّ لِمَ تُحَرِّمُ مَآ أَحَلَّ اللَّهُ لَكَ تَبْتَغِى مَرْضَاتَ أَزْوَجِكَ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ - قَدْ فَرَضَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ تَحِلَّةَ أَيْمَـنِكُمْ وَاللَّهُ مَوْلَـكُمْ وَهُوَ الْعَلِيمُ الْحَكِيمُ - وَإِذَ أَسَرَّ النَّبِىُّ إِلَى بَعْضِ أَزْوَجِهِ حَدِيثاً فَلَمَّا نَبَّأَتْ بِهِ وَأَظْهَرَهُ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ عَرَّفَ بَعْضَهُ وَأَعْرَضَ عَن بَعْضٍ فَلَمَّا نَبَّأَهَا بِهِ قَالَتْ مَنْ أَنبَأَكَ هَـذَا قَالَ نَبَّأَنِىَ الْعَلِيمُ الْخَبِيرُ - إِن تَتُوبَآ إِلَى اللَّهِ فَقَدْ صَغَتْ قُلُوبُكُمَا وَإِن تَظَاهَرَا عَلَيْهِ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ مَوْلَـهُ وَجِبْرِيلُ وَصَـلِحُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمَلَـئِكَةُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ ظَهِيرٌ - عَسَى رَبُّهُ إِن طَلَّقَكُنَّ أَن يُبْدِلَهُ أَزْوَجاً خَيْراً مِّنكُنَّ مُسْلِمَـتٍ مُّؤْمِنَـتٍ قَـنِتَـتٍ تَـئِبَـتٍ عَـبِدَتٍ سَـئِحَـتٍ ثَيِّبَـتٍ وَأَبْكَاراً 

O Prophet! Why do you forbid that which Allah has allowed to you, seeking to please your wives And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. Allah has already ordained for you (O men) the absolution from your oaths. And Allah is your Protector and He is the All-Knower, the All-Wise. And (remember) when the Prophet disclosed a matter in confidence to one of his wives, then she told it. And Allah made it known to him; he informed part thereof and left a part. Then when he told her thereof, she said: "Who told you this'' He said: "The All-Knower, the All-Aware has told me.''. If you two turn in repentance to Allah, your hearts are indeed so inclined; but if you help one another against him, then verily, Allah is his Protector, and Jibreel, and the righteous among the believers; and after that the angels are his helpers. Maybe his Lord, if he divorces you, will give him instead of you, wives better than you - submitting, believers, obedient, turning to Allah in repentance, worshipping Allah sincerely, Sa'ihat, previously married, and virgins.

يأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ قُواْ أَنفُسَكُمْ وَأَهْلِيكُمْ نَاراً وَقُودُهَا النَّاسُ وَالْحِجَارَةُ عَلَيْهَا مَلَـئِكَةٌ غِلاَظٌ شِدَادٌ لاَّ يَعْصُونَ اللَّهَ مَآ أَمَرَهُمْ وَيَفْعَلُونَ مَا يُؤْمَرُونَ - يأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ لاَ تَعْتَذِرُواْ الْيَوْمَ إِنَّمَا تُجْزَوْنَ مَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ - يأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ تُوبُواْ إِلَى اللَّهِ تَوْبَةً نَّصُوحاً عَسَى رَبُّكُمْ أَن يُكَفِّرَ عَنكُمْ سَيِّئَـتِكُمْ وَيُدْخِلَكُمْ جَنَّـتٍ تَجْرِى مِن تَحْتِهَا الاٌّنْهَـرُ يَوْمَ لاَ يُخْزِى اللَّهُ النَّبِىَّ وَالَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ مَعَهُ نُورُهُمْ يَسْعَى بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَبِأَيْمَـنِهِمْ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَآ أَتْمِمْ لَنَا نُورَنَا وَاغْفِرْ لَنَآ إِنَّكَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَىْءٍ قَدِيرٌ 

O you who believe! Protect yourselves and your families against a Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe, who disobey not the commands they receive from Allah, but do that which they are commanded.) It will be said in the Hereafter) O you who disbelieve! Make no excuses this Day! You are being requited only for what you used to do. O you who believe! Turn to Allah with sincere repentance! It may be that your Lord will expiate from you your sins, and admit you into Gardens under which rivers flow  the Day that Allah will not disgrace the Prophet and those who believe with him. Their light will run forward before them and in their right hands. They will say: "Our Lord! Keep perfect our light for us and grant us forgiveness. Verily, You are Able to do all things.''

يأَيُّهَا النَّبِىُّ جَـهِدِ الْكُفَّارَ وَالْمُنَـفِقِينَ وَاغْلُظْ عَلَيْهِمْ وَمَأْوَاهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ وَبِئْسَ الْمَصِيرُ - ضَرَبَ اللَّهُ مَثَلاً لِّلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ امْرَأَتَ نُوحٍ وَامْرَأَتَ لُوطٍ كَانَتَا تَحْتَ عَبْدَيْنِ مِنْ عِبَادِنَا صَـلِحَيْنِ فَخَانَتَاهُمَا فَلَمْ يُغْنِينَا عَنْهُمَا مِنَ اللَّهِ شَيْئاً وَقِيلَ ادْخُلاَ النَّارَ مَعَ الدَخِلِينَ 

O Prophet! Strive hard against the disbelievers and the hypocrites, and be severe against them; their abode will be Hell, and worst indeed is that destination. Allah sets forth an example for those who disbelieve: the wife of Nuh and the wife of Lut. They were under two of our righteous servants, but they both betrayed them. So, they availed them not against Allah and it was said: "Enter the Fire along with those who enter!"

Holy Qur'aan (66. 1-10)

Section 1

ينِسَآءَ النَّبِىِّ لَسْتُنَّ كَأَحَدٍ مِّنَ النِّسَآءِ إِنِ اتَّقَيْتُنَّ فَلاَ تَخْضَعْنَ بِالْقَوْلِ فَيَطْمَعَ الَّذِى فِى قَلْبِهِ مَرَضٌ وَقُلْنَ قَوْلاً مَّعْرُوفاً

O wives of the Prophet! You are not like any of the other women, provided that you keep from disobedience to God in reverence for Him and piety (and, therefore, act with awareness of your special status). So (even more than other believing women) do not be complaisant in your speech, lest he in whose heart is a disease should be moved to desire, but speak in an honorable way

Holy Qur'aan {33.32}

The Prophet (saw) disclosed a secret, in confidence, to one of his wives. But she betrayed him, and disclosed the secret to another wife. Then Allah (swt) informed him of the betrayal. Our Lord orders both women to repent, and informed us that their hearts had become CROOKED. Well, after sharing the secret, both of them plotted against His Prophet (saw)! Allah (swt) then informed both wives that He might order him to divorce them and some of his wives that were like them, and replace them with better women. These better women were Muslims, believers, obedient, penitent, worshipping, and given to fasting. So, who were these two women? 


Allah's Messenger (saw) was fond of honey and sweet edible things and (it was his habit) that after finishing the `Asr prayer he would visit his wives and stay with one of them at that time. Once he went to Hafsa, the daughter of `Umar and stayed with her more than usual. I (A'isha) got jealous and asked the reason for that. I was told that a lady of her folk had given her a skin filled with honey as a present, and that she made a syrup from it and gave it to the Prophet (saw) to drink (and that was the reason for the delay). I said, "By Allah we will play a trick on him (to prevent him from doing so)." So I said to Sa`da bint Zam`a "The Prophet (saw) will approach you, and when he comes near you, say: 'Have you taken Maghafir (a bad-smelling gum)?' He will say, 'No.' Then say to him: 'Then what is this bad smell which I smell from you?' He will say to you, 'Hafsa made me drink honey syrup.' Then say: Perhaps the bees of that honey had sucked the juice of the tree of Al-`Urfut.' I shall also say the same. O you, Safiyya, say the same." Later Sa`da said, "By Allah, as soon as he (the Prophet saw) stood at the door, I was about to say to him what you had ordered me to say because I was afraid of you." So when the Prophet (saw) came near Sa`da, she said to him, "O Allah's Messenger (saw)! Have you taken Maghafir?" He said, "No." She said. "Then what is this bad smell which I detect on you?" He said, "Hafsa made me drink honey syrup." She said, "Perhaps its bees had sucked the juice of Al-`Urfut tree." When he came to me, I also said the same, and when he went to Safiyya, she also said the same. And when the Prophet (saw) again went to Hafsa, she said, 'O Allah's Messenger (saw)! Shall I give you more of that drink?" He said, "I am not in need of it." Sa`da said, "By Allah, we deprived him (of it)." I said to her, "Keep quiet." '

Source: Saheeh Bukhari. Pg. # 1342, H. # 5268.

Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani:

Ayadh said that Muhalab claimed that Maghafeer and Arfat has sweet smell, but this is opposing the content of the hadeeth and opposing what the linguistics have stated.

Source: Fath Ul-Bari Fi Sharh Saheeh Al-Bukhari. Pg. # 57.

Burhan Al-Deen Al-Halabi: 

The incident of revealing this verse that A'isha said that Allah's Apostle was drinking honey at Zainab bint Jahsh's house, thus she and Hafsa aided and abetted that who sees him (Allah's apostle) first to tell him that he smells of Maghafeer. Then he (Allah's apostle) went to Hafsa thus she said to him such and such, he replied: "No, but I drank honey at Zainab's house, and I won't do that again and I ought you to not tell anyone." That because he peace be upon him does not like to smell bad, because Maghafeer is the gum of Panicum plant which smells bad.

Source: Syra Halabia. Vol. 3, Pg. # 432.

Section 2

Fatwa Online From The Website Of The Opponents:

What is mentioned in Qur'aan and Hadeeth about revealing a secret to someone that was told in confidence?

Praise be to Allaah.  

Secrets are a kind of trust, and thus they are a kind of contract or covenant which must be kept. It is necessary to be harsh with those who disclose them, because they are betraying a trust and breaking their promise; and those who deserve to a ta’zeer punishment should be punished.  

Secrets vary. There are those for which the person who discloses them must be dealt with harshly, because disclosing them causes widespread harm, such as disclosing secrets to the kuffaar and enabling them to defeat the Muslims or gain victory over them. This is what is known in modern parlance as high treason. And there are secrets that are less serious, such as those in which disclosure causes harm to individuals. But in all cases disclosure is a betrayal of the trust and breaking of the covenant. 

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“And fulfil (every) covenant. Verily, the covenant will be questioned about”
[al-Isra’ 17:34] 

“Verily, Allaah commands that you should render back the trusts to those, to whom they are due”

[al-Nisa’ 4:58] 

So if keeping secrets is obligatory, then disclosing them is haraam. 

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told a secret to ‘Aa’ishah and Hafsah and entrusted them with it, but they disclosed the secret, and Allaah rebuked them for that. 

Allaah said (interpretation of the meaning): 

“And (remember) when the Prophet disclosed a matter in confidence to one of his wives (Hafsah), then she told it (to another i.e. ‘Aa’ishah). And Allaah made it known to him; he informed part thereof and left a part. Then when he told her (Hafsah) thereof, she said: ‘Who told you this?’ He said: ‘The All-Knower, the All-Aware (Allaah) has told me.’”

[Al-Tahreem 66:3] 

Then Allaah said (interpretation of the meaning): 

“If you two (wives of the Prophet: ‘Aa’ishah and Hafsah) turn in repentance to Allaah, (it will be better for you), your hearts are indeed so inclined (to oppose what the Prophet likes); but if you help one another against him (Muhammad), then verily, Allaah is his Mawlaa (Lord, or Master, or Protector), and Jibreel (Gabriel), and the righteous among the believers; and furthermore, the angels are his helpers”

[Al-Tahreem 66:4] 

Then the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) withdrew from his wives for a month because of the secret that Hafsah had disclosed to ‘Aa’ishah. Al-Bukhaari, 5191. Ibn Hajar (may Allaah have mercy on him) said concerning this hadeeth: This indicates that the one who discloses a secret may be punished in a fitting manner. 


Aboo Nu'aym Ahmad Isfahani:

Muhammad ibn Al-Matar has told us that Ja'far ibn Ahmad ibn Yahya Al-Khawlani has told us that Ahmad ibn Abd Al-Rahman ibn Wahb said my uncle Abdullah ibn Wahab said that Umar ibn Salih has heard from Musa ibn Ali ibn Rabih from his father from Uqba ibn Amar that he said: "When the Prophet (saw) divorced Hafsa the daughter of Umar, the news reached Umar, so he put dust on his head and kept saying, 'Now Umar has no respect in the Justice of Allah.' Then Jibra'eel came down the next day and said to the Messenger of Allah (saw): 'Allah the Exalted, The High, orders you to get her back, due to mercy on Umar.'"

Footnote:  Al-Haythami says all the narrators are thiqah (Trustworthy) except for Amr ibn Salih whom he does not know.

Source: Hilyatul Awliya wa Tabaqatul Asfiya. Pg. # 50 - 51.

Ibn Hibban:

Narrated ibn Abbas, from Umar bin al-Khattab, that "The Messenger of Allah (saw) divorced Hafsa and then took her back".

Footnote: Narration is Saheeh (Authentic) according to Shu'ayb al-Arno'oot

Source: Saheeh ibn Hibban, Vol. 10, Pg. 100, # 4275.


Narrated Umar bin al-Khattab, that "The Messenger of Allah (saw) divorced Hafsa and then took her back".

Footnote: Narration is Saheeh (Authentic)

Source: Saheeh Sunnan ibn Majah, Vol. 2, Pg. 170, # 1651.

Section 3

ابى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله قال: حدثنا الحسن بن عرفة (بسرمن رأى) قال: حدثنا وكيع قال: حدثنا محمد بن إسرائيل قال: حدثنا أبو صالح عن ابى ذر رحمه الله عليه قال: كنت أنا وجعفر بن ابى طالب مهاجرين إلى بلاد الحبشة فاهديت لجعفر جارية قيمتها أربعة آلاف درهم فلما قدمنا المدينة اهداها لعلي " ع " تخدمه فجعلها علي " ع " في منزل فاطمة فدخلت فاطمة عليها السلام يوما فنظرت إلى رأس علي عليه السلام في حجر الجارية فقالت يا ابا الحسن فعلتها فقال لا والله يا بنت محمد ما فعلت شيئا فما الذي تريدين؟ قالت تأذن لي في المصير إلى منزل ابى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فقال لها قد أذنت لك فتجلببت بجلبابها وتبرقعت ببرقعها وأرادت النبي صلى الله عليه وآله فهبط جبرئيل " ع " فقال يا محمد ان الله يقرءك السلام ويقول لك ان هذه فاطمة قد اقبلت اليك تشكو عليا فلا تقبل منها في علي شيئا فدخلت فاطمة فقال لها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله جئت تشكين عليا قالت إي ورب الكعبة، فقال لها ارجعي إليه فقولي له رغم انفي لرضاك، فرجعت إلى علي " ع " فقالت له يا ابا الحسن رغم انفي لرضاك تقولها ثلاثا، فقال لها علي " ع " شكوتيني إلى خليلي وحبيبي رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله واسوأتاه من رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله اشهد الله يا فاطمة ان الجارية حرة لوجه الله وان الاربعمائة درهم التي فضلت من عطائي صدقة علي فقراء اهل المدينة، ثم تلبس وانتعل واراد النبي صلى الله عليه وآله فهبط جبرئيل
فقال يا محمد ان الله يقرءك السلام ويقول لك قل لعلي قد اعطيتك الجنة بعتقك الجارية في رضا فاطمة والنار بالاربعمائة درهم التي تصدقت بها فادخل الجنة من شئت برحمتي واخرج من النار من شئت بعفوي، فعندها قال علي " ع " أنا قسيم الله بين الجنة والنار

My father narrated from Sa'ad bin Abdullah from Al-Hassan bin Arafa from Wakee from Muhammad bin Israel from Aboo Saleh Aboo Dharr Al-Ghifari: I migrated with Ja'far ibn Abi Talib to Abyssynia. A slave girl worth 4,000 dirhams was given to Ja'far as a gift. When we came to Madinah he gave her to Alee (a.s) as a gift that she may serve him. Alee (a.s) kept her in Faatima’s (s.a) house. One day Faatima (s.a) entered and saw that his head was in the girl’s lap. She said: “O Aboo Al-Hassan! Have you done it!?” He said: “O daughter of Muhammad (saw)! I have done nothing, so what is it that you want?” She (s.a) said: “Do you allow me to go to my father’s house?” He said: “I will allow you.” So she wore her Jilbab and went to the Prophet.

Source: Jilal ul Ayoon. Ilal Al-Shariah. Bihar Al-Anwar.

The complete chain of narration is:

My father narrated from Saad bin Abdullah from Al-Hassan bin Arafa from Wakee from Muhammad bin Israel from Aboo Saleh on the authority of Abu Dharr:

Two of the narrators in the chain namely Hassan bin Arafa and Wakee bin al-Jarah are famed Sunni figures whose work and biographies can easily be found in Sunni books. Neither have been authenticated by Shi'a scholars. The Sunnis should know that its two of his own ancestors who actually narrated such a thing. Moreover, the narration is of no value to us since another narrator in the chain namely Aboo Saleh is completely unknown (Majhool). 

Analysis Of The Chain Of Narrators

1 - Hasan bin Arafah
2 - Wakee ibn Al-Jarah

1 - Hasan bin Arafah

I heard Aba Al-Qasam Haba Allah ibn Al-Hassan ibn Mansur Al-Tabari saying that he heard Alee ibn Muhammad ibn Yaqoub saying that he said I heard Abdullah Rahman ibn Abi Hatam saying: Al-Hassan ibn Arfah lived for 110 years and he had 10 sons and he named them by the names of the companions Aboo Bakr, Umar, Uthman, Alee, Talha, Zubair, Sa’d, Sa’id, Abdullah Rahman and Aboo Ubaidah.

Source: Tahdheeb Al-Kamal by Al-Mizzi. Vol. 6, H. Pg. 201 / 205. Person # 1243.


2 - Wakee ibn Al-Jarrah

Wakee ibn Al-Jarrah ibn Malih Al-Ru'asi, Aboo Sufyan Al-Kufi, he was trustworthy, Hafiz and a worshiper, one of the significant narrators of the 9th generation. He died at the end of the year 196 A.H or at the beginning of 197 A.H at the age of 70. Narrated from him Al-Jama'a (i.e. Bukhari, Muslim, Abi Dawood, Al-Tirmidhi, Al-Nasa'i and ibn Majah).

Source: Taqreeb Al-Tahdheeb. Pg. 511. Person. # 7414.

Did Alee (a.s) Anger Bibi Faatima (s.a)?

The opponents have attempted to take out narrations from the Shī'ee books which alludes to Imam Alee (a.s) angering Bibi Faatima (s.a). After analysis of these narrations you will see that they are nothing but fabrications against Imam Alee (a.s).

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Section 4

النَّبِىُّ أَوْلَى بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ مِنْ أَنْفُسِهِمْ وَأَزْوَجُهُ أُمَّهَـتُهُمْ

‘And his (saw) wives are their mothers’

Holy Qur'aan: (33:6)

The first verse was revealed to establish a rule that Muslims were not permitted to marry the wives of the Prophet (saw) whilst the second commandment was to emphasize that very rule. 

Aboo Layth Al-Samarqandi:

"His wives are their mothers" meaning the prohibition like that of their mothers.

Source: Tafsir Al-Qur'aan Samarqandi. Vol. 3, Pg. # 38.

Muhammad ibn Jarir:

"His wives are their mother's." This is in prohibition of the wives like the prohibition of their mother’s, which mean after his (saw) death they are forbidden to marry his wives in the manner they are forbidden to marry their own mothers. Younis Narrated from Abu Wahhab from ibn Zaid who said, 'his wives are their mothers meaning they are prohibited on them in marriage.'

Source: Tafsir Al-Tabari. Vol. 19, Pg. # 16.


(And his wives are their mothers 33.6) This is forbidding any marriage with them.

Source: Tafsir Al-Jalalayn. Pg. # 418.

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Section Five

Mohibuddin Tabari:

Qutaylah bin Qays (r.a)

Qutaylah bin Qays (r.a) or Fatilah bint Qays ibn Ma'dikarab Kindiyah was the eight women. She was the sister of Ash'ath ibn Qays Kindi. The Prophet (saw) married her in 10 A.H but even before she could come to her native land Hadramawt, the Prophet (saW) died in 11 A.H. It also said that he married her just two months before his death.

Some authorities state that before his death, the Prophet (saw) had given instructions concerning her that she should be given the option to adopt veil and enlist among the mothers of believers or to separate and marry whoever she like.

She opted to separate and married Ikrimah ibn Hadramwat. When Aboo Bakr learn of it, he said "I shall burn her house too. Why did she do such a thing?" Umar dissuaded him from carrying out his intentions because she was not one of the mothers of believers. She had not been alone with the Prophet (saw) (consumated the marriage) and the veil of his wives had not been imposed on her.

Some scholars argue that the Prophet (saw) had not given any instruction about her. When her brother apostate, she also chose to apostate. This is why Umar advised against punishing her. Jurjani said that her brother had married her to the Prophet (saw) but before she could be taken to him, he died. Then Ikrimah married her but they had no children.

Ibn Sa'd narrated from Ibn Abbas that when Asma bint Numan sought refuge from the Prophet (saw), he came our, anger visible on his face. When Asht'ath ibn Qays (r.a) saw him, he offered to marry his sister to him and he agreed. After the marriage was contracted, Ash'tah returned to his native land Hadramwat to bring his sister to the Prophet (saw).

While they were on their journey to Madinah, they learn the Prophet (saw) death. He took his sister home and both of them became apostate. Naturally, her marriage to the prophet (saw) became void and she married Qays ibn Maksuh

Source: The Mother of the Believers. # Pg. 192 - 193.


Ibn Athir:

Qutaylah is the daughter of Qays son of Ma'ad Yukrib Al-Kindya; sister of Ash'ath son of Qays. Messenger of Allah (saw) married her in the 10th year (of Hijra) but soon complained, he passed away; she wasn't brought to him and he never saw her neither did he enter her. It was said that he married her a month before his death. It is also narrated that The Prophet (saw) willed to let her choose, if she wanted she could wear the veil and so she becomes forbidden for the Muslims, or if she wants she can divorce him so she can choose who she wants to marry. She chose to be seperated, so she was given a divorce and Ikrimah ibn Abi Jahl married her. So Aboo Bakr was informed of this and he said: "I was urged to (thought of) burning the house over them." Umar in response said: "She is not the mother of believers, he didn't enter into her, or make her wear the veil." 

It was said that the Messenger of Allah (saw) did not will for her anything, but did not enter into her, she apostatized with her brother when he apostatised and so then Ikrimah ibn Abi Jahl married her. Aboo Bakr wanted to stone her but Umar said, "The Holy Prophet (saw) did not enter her and she isn't the Mother of the Believers so Allah (swt)is innocent of the apostatised so Aboo Bakr was silent.

With regards to her (Qutaylah) and other wives of the Holy Prophet (saw) whom were not entered there is great debate and skepticism, that has not resulted in any further benefit to the validation of the issue, and we have mentioned about every wife what  has been narrated about her. And Allah  (swt) knows. Narrated by Abu Naim and Abu Umar and Abu Musa.

Source: Usud ul-Ghaybah. Pg. # 234 - 235, Person # 7219. 

Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani:

Qutaylah bint Qays bin Ma'd Yakri al-Kindiya

She was the sister of Al-Ash'ath bin Qays.

And the correct is Qatila. She married the Messenger of Allah - may blessings be upon him - in year 10, then he claimed on the half of Safar, then he WAS CATCHED (I.E. HIS LIFE WAS CATCHED BY ALLAH) on Monday for two days that passed on of Rabee' Al-Awwal from the year 11. She had not come forth to him, and neither did he see her, nor 'enter' upon her. And some said: His marriage to her took place two months before his demise.
And others claimed that he married her during his sickness.

And some of them said: That he (saw) ordered that she should be left to choose; if she wished, he would cast the veil on her and she would be prohibited for the believers; and if she wished, she would marry whoever she liked. So she chose marriage, then Ikrimah bin Abu-Jahl married her in Hadhramut, and when it (the news) reached Aboo Bakr, he said: "I will burn their house upon them." Then Umar said to him: "She is not of the mothers of the believers, and neither did he (the Prophet) 'enter' upon her, nor did he cast the veil on her!"

And Al-Jarjani said: Her brother married her to him (saw) then he (saw) died before she went out of Yemen. Then 'Ikrimah bin Abi-Jahl succeeded him (i.e. succeeded the Prophet in marrying her).

And some of them said: The Messenger of Allah (saw) did not order her anything, but she apostasized when her brother apostasized, so Umar argued to Aboo Bakr that she is not of the wives of the Prophet (saw) due to her apostasy. And she did not give birth from Ikrimah bin Abu-Jahl, and there is a lot of of disagreement on her.

Source: Al-Isaba Fi Tamyiz Al-Sahabah. Vol. 2. Person # 4069. Pg. # 1903 - 1904.

وَمَا كَانَ لَكُمْ أَن تؤْذُواْ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَلاَ أَن تَنكِحُواْ أَزْوَاجَهُ مِن بَعْدِهِ أَبَداً إِنَّ ذَلِكُمْ كَانَ عِندَ اللَّهِ عَظِيماً

And it is not (right) for you that you should annoy Allah's Messenger, nor that you should ever marry his wives after him (his death)

Holy Qur'aan: {33:53}

The Qur'aan and Hadeeth confirm that the believers are prohibited from marrying the wives of the Prophet (saw) as infinitum. However, the companions ignore this and allow for a wife of the Prophet (saw) to be married to a Sahabi (companion). If any Sunni mitigation is submitted suggesting that this was acceptable as the marriage was never consummated, there is nothing in Shariah to suggest that a marriage is only valid if it is consummated. Once the Nikah of the Prophet (saw) has been read, that bond is created, meaning that it is haraam for any believer to marry her thereafter. The fact that the Nikah has been entered automatically means the rule applies and there exists no exemption to it. Even if he (saw) subsequently divorces that woman, the fact that she had at one point in her life become a spouse of the Prophet (saw) precludes the men of the Ummah from marrying them from that date. From a legal perspective we know that a man is prevented from marrying any woman his father marries. She becomes automatically haram to the son even if the marriage is never consummated or he divorces her at a later date. This fact is also confirmed from the rulings of the so called 'Ahl Sunnah' scholars themselves:-


Section Six


Narrated Alee (a.s): The Prophet (saw) said, "Do not tell a lie against me, for whoever tells a lie against me (intentionally) then he will surely enter the Hell-fire."

Narrated Anas: "The fact which stops me from narrating a great number of Hadiths to you is that the Prophet (saw) said: 'Whoever tells a lie against me intentionally, then (surely) let him occupy his seat in Hell-fire.'"

Narrated Salama (s.a): "I heard the Prophet (saw) saying, 'Whoever (intentionally) ascribes to me what I have not said then (surely) let him occupy his seat in Hell-fire.'"

Source: Saheeh Bukhari. Pg. 39, H. # 106 - 110.

Section Seven


Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: A man came to the Prophet (saw) and said: "My wife does not prevent the hand of a man who touches her." He said: "Divorce her." He then said: "I am afraid my inner self may covet her." He said: "Then enjoy her."

Footnote: Narration is Saheeh (Authentic).

Source: Saheeh Sunan Aboo Dawood. Vol. 1, Pg. # 2049.

Section Eight 


Narrated ibn Umar: On the day of Khaiber, Allah's Apostle forbade the eating of garlic and the meat of donkeys.

Source: Saheeh Bukhari. Pg. # 135, H. # 4215.

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