Sunday, 18 May 2014

Do Shi'as Narrate From A Donkey?




In this article we shall discuss the so-called 'Ahl ul Sunnah's' ignorant and hypocritical mockery of the science of Shi'a hadeeth. In particular, the narration of the Prophets (saw) donkey called 'Ya'fur.' One only has to read the various hadeeth from both Shi'a and Sunni sources to ascertain that animals being able to speak is not a unique phenomenon.

Shi'as themselves have questioned the authenticity of this report for there are questionable individuals in the chain of narration and numerous defects of unknown narrators. Some have suggested that the donkey itself, is in the chain of narrators which of course is not true. If only the claimants bothered to do some research they would realise that the donkey does not appear in the chain (Isnad) of transmission but rather in the content (matn) of the Hadeeth. We also find that the last part of the text wherein the donkey talks about his forefathers is Mursal (It has no chain)

Grading: Al-Majlisi II: It is weak and its last part is Mursal (no chain).


Source: Mirat Al-Uqool. Vol. 3, Pg. # 48.


Even if we assume this incident to be true, it is difficult to understand why the hadeeth is mocked at when it involves our beloved Prophet (saw). Would it seriously be impossible for such an incident to occur considering numerous miracles took place during the life of the Prophet (saw)? Even if the followers of the Ahlulbayt (a.s) regard this to be authentic, the hypocritcal so-called 'Ahl ul Sunnah' need to take a closer look at themselves since we find more outlandish literature in their own books.


Sheikh Al-Kulayni:

Muhammad ibn A-Hussain has narrated from Alee ibn Muhammad from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Muhammad ibn A-Walid Shabab Al-Sayrafi from Aban ibn Uthman from Aboo Abdallah (a.s) who has said the following, "When the Messenger of Allah (saw) was about to die, he called to him Al-Abbas ibn Abd Al-Muttalib and Ameer Al-Mo'mineen (a.s) . He said to Al-Abbas, "O uncle of Muhammad (saw)! Will you inherit the legacy of Muhammad (saw), pay his debts and fulfill his promises and commitments?" He responded, "O the Messenger of Allah (saw)! May Allah (swt) take my soul and the souls of my parents in service for your cause, I am an old man with a large number of dependents, with very little belongings while in generosity compete the winds." He (the Messenger of Allah (saw)) said, "I will give them away to whoever would want them along with its rights and responsibilities." Then the Holy Prophet (saw) said, "O Alee (a.s) brother of Muhammad (saw)! Will you pay off the liabilities of Muhammad (saw), pay off his debt and take possession of his legacy?" He said, "Yes, May Allah (swt) take my soul and the soul of my parents in service for your cause, it is my responsibility and in my favour." Alee (a.s) said, "I looked at him and saw him take off his ring from his finger and said to me wear this ring in my life time." He (Alee) (a.s) said, "I looked at the ring when wearing it on my finger and wished to have it out of all his properties." He then called upon Bilal loudly, "Bring me my helmet, the coat of arms, the flag, the shirt, the Dhulfaqar, (famous sword), Al-Sahab, (the Turban) Al-Burd, (the clothes) Al-Abraqa, (the belt) and the Staff." Alee (a.s) said, "I had never before seen that belt. When it was brought, its shine would almost take away one's sight. It was of the belts of paradise." He (the Messenger of Allah (saw)) then said, "O Alee (a.s)! Jibra'eel brought this for me and said, "O Muhammad (saw)! Place it in the ring of the coat of arms and use it as a belt around your midsection." Then he asked that the two pairs of Arabian shoes be brought to him along with the shirt. One of them was already stitched and the other was not yet stitched. It was the shirt with which he took for the 'Isra' (the night journey), the shirt while wearing it he came out on the day of Uhud. Three caps were brought, the cap used while on a journey, the cap used on the 'Id days and the cap used on Fridays. Also the cap that was used during his meeting with his companions was brought to him." Then he (the Messenger of Allah (saw)) said, "O Bilal (r.a)! Bring to us the two mules, the grey one and Dul dul and the two camels, Al-Ghadba and Al-Qaswa and the two horses." Al-Janah would been kept near the door of the Masjid in case the Messenger of Allah (saw) needed. Whenever he would need any thing he would let a man ride on it to go for the task and the horse would run for the needs of the Messenger of Allah (saw). Also Hayzum was brought to him, the donkey called Ufayr were brought to him. He then said, "Take possession of these in my life time."  
Imam Alee (a.s) said, "The first one of the animals which died was Ya'fur who died within the same hour that the Messenger of Allah (saw) died. He brook off his bound until and began to run until he came to the well of Banu Khatma in Quba and threw himself into it and it became his grave." It is narrated that Ameer Al-Mo'mineen (a.s) said, "That donkey spoke to the Messenger of Allah (saw) saying, 'May Allah (swt) take my soul and the soul of my parents in service for your cause! My father related to me from his father from his grand father from his father who lived with Noah in the Ark. Once Noah came to him and whipped him on his back and said, "From the descendents of this donkey there will a donkey on whose back the master and the last of the prophets will ride." I thank Allah (swt) who has made me that donkey.'"

Source: Al-Kafi. Vol. 1, Pg. # 140, H. # 9.




The Story Of Prophet (saw) Donkey, Ya'fur


Ibn Kathir:

More than one of the scholars of hadeeth have denied this hadeeth. However, it was narrated by Aboo Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Hamid, narrated by Aboo Al-Hussain Ahmad ibn Hadan Al-Sijsi, narrated by Umar ibn Muhammad ibn Bajir, narrated by Aboo Ja'far Muhammad ibn Mazid, narrated by Aboo Abdullah Muhammad ibn Akba ibn Aboo Al-Sahba, narrated by Aboo Hudhafyah, narrated by Abdullah ibn Habib Al-Hathli, narrated by Aboo Abd Al-Rahman Al-Silmy, narrated by Aboo Manthur who said: When Allah (swt) opened Khaybar to his Prophet (saw) he received as his share of the spoils four sheep, four goats, ten pots of gold and silver and a black, haggard donkey. The Prophet (saw) addressed the donkey asking, "What is your name?" The donkey answered, "Yazid son of Shihab. Allah (swt) had brought forth from my ancestry 60 donkeys, none of whom were ridden on except by prophets. None of the descendants of my grandfather remain but me, and none of the prophets remain but you and I expected you to ride me. Before you, I belonged to a Jewish man, whom I caused to stumble and fall frequently so he used to kick my stomach and beat my back." The Prophet – may Allah's (swt) prayers and peace be upon him – said to him, "I will call you Ya'fur. Oh Ya'fur!" Then Ya'fur replied, "I obey." The Prophet (saw) then asked, "Do you desire females?" The donkey replied, "NO!" So the Prophet (saw) used to ride the donkey to complete his business, and if the Prophet (saw) dismounted from him, he would send the donkey to the house of the person he wanted to visit and Ya'fur would knock at the door with his head. When the owner of the house would answer the door, the donkey would signal to that person to go see the Prophet (saw). When the Prophet (saw) died, the donkey went to a well belonging to Aboo Al-Haytham ibn Al-Tahyan and threw himself in the well out of sadness for the Prophet's (saw) death, making it his grave.


Source: Al-Bidayah Wa'an-Nihayah. Pg. # 933 - 934, H. # 27.



Aboo Na'im Al-Asbahani:

Narrated to us Aboo Bakr Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Musa Al-Anburi from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Yusuf from Ibraheem ibn Suwayd Al-Jadu'i from Abdullah ibn Uzayna Al-Taa'i from Thawr ibn Yazid from Khalid ibn Ma'daan from Ma'adh ibn Jabal who said: On Khaybar, a donkey came and stood in front of the Prophet (saw). The Prophet (saw) asked him, "Who are you?" The donkey replied: "I am Amro Bin Fulan! We were (The donkey and his brothers) seven brothers and we have been ridden by all the prophets. I am the youngest among them, and I was yours, and I have been owned by a Jewish man. When I used to remember you I had to spit him, and then he used to hit me. The Prophet (saw) said to the donkey: "Then I shall call you, 'Ya'fur.'"

Source: Dala'el An-Nubuwwah. Vol. 1, Pg. # 386 - 387, H. # 288.


 

Qadi Ayyad:

Ibraheem ibn Hammad has narrated through his chain: A donkey came to the Prophet (saw) on Khaybar. The donkey said to the Prophet (saw): "My name is Yazid ibn Shihab!" Then the Prophet (saw) named the donkey (Ya'fur). The Prophet (saw) used to send the donkey to his companions houses. When the donkey used to arrive at a house, he used to knock the door by his head and call the companion. When the Prophet (saw) died , the donkey threw himself in a well and died.

Source: Al-Shafa Bi Ta'rif Huqooq Al-Mustafah. Vol. 1, Pg. # 314 - 315.




Ibn Hudayda Al-Ansaari:

The author says; May Allah (swt) forgive him: This is knowledge of Prophethood. I wish I was one hair in the skin of that blessed donkey, who used to be with the Prophet (saw) all the time, and his skin used to touch the skin of the master of the men (saw), and he used to listen to him and obey him and talk to him and understand him. Not to mention that it was a miracle of the miracles of the Prophet (saw).

Source: Al-Misbah Al-Madhi. Vol. 1, Pg. # 262.



The Story Of The Wolf, Cow And Ox



Al-Bukhari:

Narrated by Aboo Huraira, the Prophet (saw) said: While a man was riding a cow, it turned towards him and said, "I have not been created for this purpose (i.e. carrying). I have been created for ploughing." The Prophet (saw) added, "I, Aboo Bakr and Umar believe in the story." The Prophet (saw) went on, "A wolf caught a sheep, and when the shepherd chased it, the wolf said, "Who will be its guard on the day of wild beasts, when there will be no shepherd for it except me?" After narrating it, the Prophet (saw) said, "I, Aboo Bakr and Umar too believe it." Aboo Salama (a sub-narrator) said, "Aboo Bakr and Umar were not present then." (It has been written that a wolf also spoke to one of the companions of the Prophet (saw) near Madinah as narrated in Fath Al-Bari: Narrated Unais bin Amr: Ahban bin Aus said, "I was amongst my sheep. Suddenly a wolf caught a sheep and I shouted at it. The wolf sat on its tail and addressed me saying, 'Who will look after it (i.e. the sheep) when you will be busy and not able to look after it? Do you forbid me the provision which Allah (swt) has provided me?'" Ahban added, "I clapped my hands and said, 'By Allah (swt)! I have never seen anything more curious and wonderful than this!' On that, the wolf said, 'There is something (more curious) and wonderful than this; that is, Allah's Apostle (saw) in those palm trees, inviting people to Allah (swt) (i.e. Islam).'" Unais bin Amr further said, "Then Ahban went to Allah's Apostle (saw) and informed him what happened and embraced Islam."

Source: Saheeh Al-Bukhari. Pg. 860. H. # 3471.



Al-Bukhari:

Narrated by Aboo Huraira: Once Allah's Apostle (saw) offered the morning prayer and then faced the people and said, "While a man was riding a cow, he suddenly rode over it and beat it. The cow said, "We have not been created for this, but we have been created for ploughing." On that the people said astonishingly, "Glorified be Allah (swt)! A cow speaks!" The Prophet (saw) said, "I believe this, and Aboo Bakr and Umar too believe it, although neither of them were present there." While a person was amongst his sheep, a wolf attacked and took one of the sheep. The man chased the wolf till he saved it from the wolf, where upon the wolf said, "You have saved it from me; but who will guard it on the day of the wild beasts when there will be no shepherd to guard them except me (because of riots and afflictions)?" The people said surprisingly, "Glorified be Allah (swt)! A wolf speaks!" The Prophet (saw) said, "But I believe this, and Aboo Bakr and Umar too believe this, although neither of them were present there." (See the Footnote of Pg. # 10, Vol. 5)

Source: Saheeh Al-Bukhari. Pg. # 900, H. # 3663.



Al-Bukhari:

Narrated by Aboo Huraira: I heard Allah's Apostle (saw) saying: While a shepherd was amongst his sheep, a wolf attacked them and took away one sheep. When the shepherd chased the wolf, the wolf turned towards him and said, "Who will be its guard on the day of wild animals when nobody except I will be its shepherd?" And while a man was riding a cow with a load on it, it turned towards him and spoke to him saying, "I have not been created for this purpose, but for ploughing." The people said, "Glorified be Allah (swt)!" The Prophet (saw) said, "But I believe in it and so does Aboo Bakr and Umar."

Source: Saheeh Al-Bukhari. Pg. # 907, H. # 3690.




Muslim ibn Hajajj:

Aboo Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (saw) as saying: A person had been riding an ox loaded with luggage. The ox looked towards him and said: "I have not been created for this but for lands." (i.e. for ploughing the land and for drawing out water from the wells for the purpose of irrigating the lands). The people said with surprise and awe: "Hallowed be Allah (swt)! Does the ox speak?" Allah's Messenger (saw) said: "I believe it and so do Aboo Bakr and Umar." Aboo Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (saw) as saying: A shepherd was tendering the flock when a wolf came and took away one goat. The shepherd pursued it (the wolf) and rescued it (the goat) from that (wolf). The wolf looked towards him and said, "Who would save it on the day when there will be no shepherd except me?" Thereupon people said: "Hallowed be Allah (swt)! Thereupon Allah's Messenger (saw) said: "I believe in it and so do Aboo Bakr and Umar."

Source: Saheeh Muslim. Pg. # 1121, H. # 2388. 







The Story Of The Bull

Ibn Taghribirdi:

Sheikh Qutb Al-Din (Al-Yunini) said: On the first ten days of Muharram, many people who reside in Damascus said and that is known in Damascus and it has been narrated very much from the jurist of Jabbat A'asal (one of Damascus villages) that he talked to a bull from the Jabbat A'asal. And the summary of that story is that the bull was going out with a boy who was taking it to drink water, so after he finished (drinking), he (the bull) thanked Allah (swt). The boy was surprised and told the owner of the bull. He (the owner of the bull) was in doubt, so on the next day he took the bull by himself (took him to drink water), and after the bull drink water, he thanked Allah (swt), and on the third day some people came to see the bull, and they saw it thanking Allah (swt), so some of them talked to it and it said: "Allah (swt) had decided to the Ummah to live seven barren years, but by the Shafa'a (intercession) of the Prophet (saw), He (Allah (swt)) changed them (those seven years) to fertile years." And it said (the bull) that the Prophet (saw) asked the bull to spread that among people. And the bull said: "O RasulAllah! What is the evidence to let them believe me?" He said: "You will be dead after telling them." The narrator said: Then the bull went to a high point and fell down and had died. People took some of his hair to take as Barakah, then it was enshrouded and buried. (Author said): This story is strange, but the narrator is trustworthy and he says it is very well-known in Damascus.

Source: An-Nujoom Az-Zahira fi Mulook Mysr wa Al-Qahira. Vol. 8, Pg. # 50.


Attesting Ibn Taghribirdi
Al-Maqriz:

Ibn Taghribirdi was taught by many great scholars like Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani, Badr Al-Din Al-Ayni, ibn Dhahirah and ibn Arbashah.

Source: As-Sulook Li Ma'rifat Duwal Al-Mulook. Vol. 1, Pg. # 34.



Attesting Qutb Al-Din 

 
Al-Zarkali:

Al-Yunini (Qutb Al-Din): A historian from Baalbeck (Lebanon). He was born in Damascus and died there. He became the Sheikh of Baalbeck after the death of his brother. He was a virtuous and great lecturer. 

Source: Al-A'laam. Vol. 7, Pg. # 328.






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